What is the difference between a fabric and textile?
Not that much. In fact, a fabric is a textile material, and is actually textile fabrication but has been shortened to just fabric. Although two terms are often used synonymously in textile assembly trades there are subtle differences. According to Wikipedia:
Textile refers to any material made of interlacing fibres. Fabric refers to any material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding. Cloth refers to a finished piece of fabric that can be used for a purpose such as covering a bed.
There are so many types of fabrics, large number of national and regional varieties, that it will take more than several blogs for that. Let me just write about the most popular ones and often used in our apparel.
Cotton – is the world’s most popular fabric. It is an all-natural fiber made from the pod of a cotton plant. It is the principal fiber used in making the world’s clothing. Cotton is known for being light, cool, comfortable and absorbent and so it is used for almost every type of clothing such as socks, shirts, sweaters, dresses, jackets, sleepwear, towels, sportswear and more. In fact, cotton makes up 50 percent of the world’s fiber needs. Many people describe cotton as a fabric that “breathes.” It is also easy to dye and to clean, though dyes do not hold as fast to natural fibers as to the synthetic fibers of polyester. Cotton can withstand high temperatures, but wrinkles easily and shrinks with washing.
Polyester – is a manmade polymer material. It is made from coal, air, water and petroleum products. Polyester is a strong fiber that keeps its shape and resists wrinkling but does not withstand medium to high temperatures. It is flammable, high temperature causes it melts and burns at the same time. It is recommended that ironing polyester must be done at a cool temperature, if at all. Threads of polyester last for a long time and wear well making them suitable for garments and sewing projects. Polyester does not shrink like its natural counterpart and holds dye extremely well, a good thing for textile artists, but bad for stain-removal from polyester items. Although it was extremely popular in the 1950s it is now used more as a blend than the main fiber used for garments or fabric.
Poly-cotton blend – A polyester cotton blend can be versatile, as it most likely retains the coolness and lightness of the cotton fiber, but also adds the strength, durability and wrinkle-resistance of polyester. A polyester cotton blend should only shrink slightly in comparison to a garment or fabric that is 100 percent cotton. This blend is often preferred by at-home sewers and quilters as it is extremely easy to sew.
The images given below every fabric is an example of an apparel that uses that type of fabric.
Here’s hoping you learned something today…let me know..drop me a line or two. If you are interested to know more or looking for a particular fabric, leave me a message and we’ll look for it.